Parental Involvement in Mexico: Does Parents' Education Matter?
Gordon, Nora E.
Parental involvement (PI) refers to the participation of parents in the education of their children. This paper examines the relationship between parents' education and their involvement using data from Mexico's National Time Use Survey of 2009. A linear probability model (LPM) is estimated for two samples: heads of household and female spouses. The dependent variable indicates whether a person reported helping a child with homework or not. The key independent variables indicate the highest level of education earned, having no education as the baseline. The model controls for age, gender, marital status, welfare status, household size, number of children living in the household, employment status, monthly household income and location.Results suggest more educated parents tend to help with homework more. The magnitude of the results appears to be greater for female spouses than for heads, regardless of gender. This also holds when comparing female spouses to female heads. As well, results suggest the relationship differs between male and female heads, regardless of marital status and between married and single heads, regardless of gender. Thus, given the trends in Mexican enrollment rates, which point to future generations of more involved parents, results are optimistic for children born to parents with average educational attainment.However, the relationship between parents' education and other measures of PI needs to be explored. As well, determining the drivers of involvement is crucial to craft adequate policies to promote PI in general. A sound body of knowledge of PI in the country would thus be valuable to target efforts towards more and better involvement, in the interest of Mexican children.
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