Post-Recession Gentrification and Subsidized Housing Availability and Affordability Across the United States
Baron, Madeline J.
Gentrification, which occurs when high-income residents move into traditionally low-income areas, is a contentious issue facing many neighborhoods in metropolitan areas across the United States. This paper examines the relationship between gentrification and the availability and affordability of subsidized housing using data from the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development and the Census Bureau's American Community Survey. Results indicate that neighborhoods experiencing "high gentrification" had lower levels of subsidized housing availability and affordability over the 2009-2012 time period relative to other neighborhoods. Additionally, these results provide additional evidence to the growing body of research on the suburbanization and re-concentration of poverty in low-gentrification neighborhoods, given the rise in housing choice voucher programs. Facing reducing supplies, rising costs, and stagnant wages, many low-income residents are increasingly vulnerable to the changing housing demands of others. This research may prompt metropolitan and city leaders to address the growing demand and rising costs of urban living across the U.S. and ensure that residents of all incomes have access to safe and affordable housing.
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