The Relationship Between Broad-Based Categorical Eligibility and SNAP Participation
The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) has grown rapidly in recent years, with participation increasing from 17 million individuals in 2000 to approximately 47 million in 2012. The dramatic increase in the size of the SNAP caseload has prompted debate over whether or not the program needs to be scaled back. In particular, broad-based categorical eligibility (BBCE) rules--which allow applicants who receive benefits from other low-income assistance programs to forgo traditional income and asset tests and become automatically eligible for SNAP--have been criticized for allowing less needy individuals to qualify for benefits. This paper examines the extent to which state adoption of BBCE may have contributed to the growth of SNAP between 2000 and 2012. Using annual state-level data from the US Department of Agriculture's Economic Research Service, I find that BBCE has a modest, positive relationship to the number of SNAP participants per capita.
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Nchako, Catlin (Georgetown University, 2013)The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) is designed to operate counter-cyclically, with participation rising as the economy contracts and declining as the economy expands. The growth in the costs of and ...
Wroblewska, Katarzyna (Georgetown University, 2017)The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) is a federally funded entitlement program, administered at the state level, that provides households with monthly benefits to purchase food. Between 1993 and 2004, all ...
The Relationship Between Children's Medicaid/CHIP Income Eligibility Expansions and Children's Medicaid/CHIP Participation Rates Wagnerman, Karina Haym (Georgetown University, 2014)Between 2005 and 2012, there was a wave of state income eligibility expansions for children in Medicaid and the Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP) with most occurring between 2007 and 2009. This study uses state-year ...