The Relationship Between Government Income Assistance and Child Poverty Rates
Supplemental income assistance programs are designed to alleviate poverty and often are targeted on families with impoverished children. The effectiveness of these programs is highly contested. While many consider government income support programs vital for reducing poverty, others question their ability to accomplish this goal. Using state-level panel data, this study attempts to measure a relationship between aggregated government income transfers and the child poverty rate. I find that aggregated state and federal income transfers are not associated with the child poverty rate. When the aggregated measure is broken down into individual programs, only Unemployment Insurance (UI) expenditures are negatively correlated with the child poverty rate. My findings also confirm the well-established correlation between the macro-economy and poverty rates. The results of this examination suggest that policymakers should consider expanding dynamic income assistance programs such as UI, which can either increase or decrease total expenditures, depending on macroeconomic circumstances.
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TAX POLICY AND INTERGENERATIONAL POVERTY: THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE EARNED INCOME TAX CREDIT AND YOUNG ADULT EARNINGS Dancy, Kimberly Beth (Georgetown University, 2013)The Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) is a refundable tax credit, originally developed in 1975, which functions as a wage subsidy for low-income families and single adults. The EITC has demonstrated effects on familial ...
The Relationship Between Children's Medicaid/CHIP Income Eligibility Expansions and Children's Medicaid/CHIP Participation Rates Wagnerman, Karina Haym (Georgetown University, 2014)Between 2005 and 2012, there was a wave of state income eligibility expansions for children in Medicaid and the Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP) with most occurring between 2007 and 2009. This study uses state-year ...
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