Does Poverty Predispose Children to Participation in Child Labor? Evidence from the Philippines?
Gregg, Aaron Thomas
ABSTRACTThis study examines the link between household poverty and hazardous child labor, testing the hypothesis that children from poorer families are more likely to participate in hazardous work. The empirical literature is inconclusive, with the existence and direction of the relationship highly dependent on country context and demand-side variables. This study analyzes data from the Philippines Survey on Children 2001, employing a standard logistic regression model using the individual child as the unit of analysis, and limiting the analysis to children already in the labor market. This study finds that income is a significant determinant of exposure to hazards among child laborers only at the top tier of the income distribution. Child laborers from the bottom or middle of the income distribution show no discernible differences in likelihood of exposure to hazards.
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