CONFLICTING VALUES IN INTERNATIONAL INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY STANDARDS FOR PHARMACEUTICALS: WESTERN FRAMEWORKS VS. ISLAMIC TRADITIONS IN THE MIDDLE EAST
This thesis will explore the application of western intellectual property frameworks onto the Islamic culture of the Middle East through international intellectual property agreements such as the Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property (TRIPS) Agreement and the US-Jordan Free-Trade Agreement. It will examine the ethical implications of having more stringent intellectual property regulations for pharmaceuticals in lesser developed nations, particularly those having governments which apply shari'a law. From this analysis, the observations and potential solutions will aim to provide a more effective and appropriate result with regard to intellectual property rights, which may have broader implications for international dealings in this part of the world as a whole.
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The dilemma of intellectual property rights for pharmaceuticals: the tension between ensuring access of the poor to medicines and committing to international agreements Cohen, Jillian Clare; Illingworth, Patricia (2003-05)In this paper, we provide an overview of how the outcomes of the Uruguay Round affected the application of pharmaceutical intellectual property rights globally. Second, we explain how specific pharmaceutical policy tools ...