Three Models of Group Choice
Ozar, David T.
Journal of Medicine and Philosophy. 1982 Feb; 7(1): 23-34.
Moral responsibility can be attributed to groups as well as to individuals. Three processes, or models, of group choice are delineated which serve as analogues to the act of choice by an individual. In the constitutive rules model, a group such as a health care team allows actions by individual members to designate actions of the group as a whole. Another approach is for the team to decide to accede to the expertise of one of its members. In the third model, the team functions as a company of equals acting on the basis of mutual understanding achieved by communication. (KIE abstract)