The Living Will: Help or Hindrance?
Eisendrath, Stuart J.
Jonsen, Albert R.
JAMA. 1983 Apr 15; 249(15): 2054-2058.
After reviewing the intended functions of living wills in promoting patient autonomy and facilitating decisions on withholding treatment from the terminally ill, the authors analyze the extent to which living wills have proven useful in the clinical setting. They present two case studies: in one, the living will did facilitate decision making by the physicians and family members; in the other, it would have resulted in a premature cessation of treatment if an institutional ethics committee had not intervened. The authors suggest ways that physicians can best utilize living wills in making appropriate decisions on terminal care. (KIE abstract)
Advance Directives; Allowing to Die; Autonomy; Case Studies; Clinical Ethics; Clinical Ethics Committees; Decision Making; Ethics; Ethics Committees; Evaluation; Family Members; Institutional Ethics; Legislation; Life; Living Wills; Physicians; Quality of Life; Review; Right to Die; Risks and Benefits; Terminal Care; Terminally Ill; Treatment Refusal; Withholding Treatment; Wills;