The Basics of Privacy and Autonomy in Medical Practice
Friedlander, Walter J.
Social Science and Medicine. 1982; 16(19): 1709-1718.
Privacy is viewed as an instrumental value which serves as a means toward the intrinsic value of autonomy. Friedlander develops a model to aid understanding of the moral, ethical, and psychosocial relationships between the two values, which can be expressed by an equation directly relating the product of privacy and social distance to autonomy. Various types of physician patient relationships are delineated in which varying degrees of privacy are surrendered by the patient and by the physician. Issues of intimacy, substituted judgment, and confidentiality are discussed within the context of the proposed model. (KIE abstract)
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Friedlander, Walter J. (1982)A 1977 survey revealed that 94% of U.S. and 63% of Canadian medical schools administer an oath to graduating seniors, a considerable increase over figures available for 1928 and 1958. Analysis of the current oaths ...