Organ Shortage Clouds New Transplant Era
Science. 1983 Jul 1; 221(4605): 32-33.
Technical advances and new drugs that prevent rejection of transplanted tissue are revolutionizing organ transplantation, but the current shortage of donated organs is expected to worsen. The reasons for this shortage and possible solutions to the problem are discussed briefly, and the ethical and legal implications of salvaging organs from brain-dead patients are mentioned. Presumed consent laws, already in force in several European countries, would drastically increase the number of available organs, but American ethicists are divided over a policy permitting automatic use of organs unless a person has left explicit instructions to the contrary. (KIE abstract)
Attitudes; Brain; Brain Death; Consent; Death; Donor Cards; Donors; Drugs; Education; Ethicists; Family Members; Legislation; Laws; Mandatory Programs; Organ Donation; Organ Donors; Organ Transplantation; Patients; Physician's Role; Presumed Consent; Public Policy; Scarcity; Tissue Donation; Transplantation;
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