Heart Transplants: Japan Tries Limited Experiment
Nature. 1985 Jan 31; 313(6001): 338.
Japan's Ministry of Health will fund a major new heart transplantation project in an effort to resume heart transplants halted by a public outcry against the first such transplant 17 years ago. Opposition to organ donation, which has been attributed variously to Buddhist and Confucian views of the body and to Japanese cultural values, has resulted in the heaviest use of renal dialysis per capita in the world and to an interest in artificial heart research. Goals of the heart transplant project are first to win public support and then to promote research on animal transplants, organ preservation, a distribution system, immunological control mechanisms, and artificial hearts as backup devices. (KIE abstract)