Responsibility for Personal Health: A Historical Perspective
Reiser, Stanley Joel
Journal of Medicine and Philosophy. 1985 Feb; 10(1): 7-17.
Changing attitudes toward the role of human choice in determining personal health are traced from ancient times to the present. Greek and Roman writers emphasized the effect of lifestyle on health, and a focus on individual control continued through the Middle Ages and the Renaissance. The view that society has a responsibility to maintain health characterized eighteenth and nineteenth century Europe, while in America, Jacksonian egalitarianism led to a reaction against the therapies of orthodox medicine. A largely unsuccessful effort was made in the early twentieth century to encourage patients to have periodic checkups, thus assigning joint responsibility for disease prevention to patients and physicians. By the 1970s, a movement had emerged that again emphasized personal responsibility for health. (KIE abstract)
Attitudes; Autonomy; Disease; Health; Health Care; Historical Aspects; International Aspects; Illness; Literature; Lifestyle; Medicine; Moral Obligations; Obligations of Society; Patients; Physicians; Preventive Medicine; Public Health; Rights; Self Induced Illness; Sociology; Sociology of Medicine;
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Reiser, Stanley J. (1985-02)
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