Liberty, Beneficence, and Involuntary Confinement
Callahan, Joan C.
Journal of Medicine and Philosophy. 1984 Aug; 9(3): 261-293.
Callahan develops a principle of justified paternalism for involuntary commitment of the mentally ill which supports a narrower definition of dangerousness, and permits a wider range of self harms to meet the standard of incompetence, than do current legal criteria. She argues that the current criteria exclude some cases where confinement would be morally permissible, while allowing paternalistic confinement of many whose detention is not justifiable. (KIE abstract)