An Analytical Approach to Resolving Problems in Medical Ethics
Journal of Medical Ethics. 1984 Jun; 10(2): 61-70.
The utilitarian and deontological approaches to ethical analysis are illustrated by Candee and Puka, using the case of a newborn with Down's syndrome and duodenal atresia who was allowed to die at Johns Hopkins Hospital in 1971. They discuss divergent steps in the moral reasoning process for each approach; analyze the utility of alternative medical treatments--surgery, passive euthanasia, and active euthanasia--from the child's, parents', and society's perspectives; and consider the rights claims and moral obligations involved. Fletcher faults Candee and Puka on several points in their analysis, including their failure to consider the consequences of alternative decisions on members of the clinical team. (KIE abstract)
Active Euthanasia; Allowing to Die; Case Studies; Decision Making; Deontological Ethics; Down Syndrome; Ethical Analysis; Ethical Theory; Ethics; Euthanasia; Infants; Justice; Life; Medical Ethics; Moral Obligations; Newborns; Obligations of Society; Obligations to Society; Parents; Personhood; Physicians; Passive Euthanasia; Quality of Life; Rights; Surgery; Teleological Ethics; Utilitarianism; Value of Life; Values;
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Culver, Charles M.; Clouser, K. Danner; Gert, Bernard; Brody, Howard; Fletcher, John; Jonsen, Albert; Kopelman, Loretta; Lynn, Joanne; Siegler, Mark; Wikler, Daniel (1985)