Doing the World's Unhealthy Work: The Fiction of Free Choice
Hastings Center Report. 1984 Aug; 14(4): 28-37.
While some changes improved the work environment as technological progress transformed industries, by the turn of the century the workplace was often dangerous and unhealthful. Occupational hazards raised ethical issues of freedom of choice for workers, managers, employers, and society. Graebner discusses the rationales commonly offered--that workers were free to choose their employment, that someone had to do the work, and that physically fit workers could adapt to hazardous conditions. He also describes early governmental efforts to prohibit unsafe conditions and the vocational guidance movement's historical approach to occupational choice. (KIE abstract)
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Curran, William J. (1982-06-10)The implications of the enactment into law of patients' rights are discussed in the context of a December 1981 decision of the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court.