Taking Blood From Children Causes No More Than Minimal Harm
Journal of Medical Ethics. 1985 Sep; 11(3): 127-131.
The ethics of using normal children as subjects in nontherapeutic research have been much debated, with some commentators arguing that children should never be exposed to any physical or psychological harm for this purpose. Opinions are divided as to whether even such a common, low-risk procedure as venepuncture is permitted. Smith conducted a survey in which parents of 92 healthy children who had donated blood samples were questioned about the effects of the experience on the young donors. The majority of parents completing the survey reported that their children were not upset before or after the blood sample was taken, and several parents felt that the effects of the experience were slightly or definitely positive. Smith concludes that if extremely anxious or unwilling youngsters are excluded, there is minimal risk in using children as subjects in nontherapeutic venepuncture research. (KIE abstract)
Attitudes; Blood; Blood Donation; Children; Consent; Donors; Ethics; Harm; Human Experimentation; Informed Consent; Injuries; Minors; Nontherapeutic Research; Organizational Policies; Organizations; Parental Consent; Parents; Professional Organizations; Psychological Stress; Research; Risk; Risks and Benefits; Survey;
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