Making Laws on Making Babies
Hastings Center Report. 1985 Aug; 15(4): 5-6.
In 1984, comprehensive legislation was enacted in Victoria, Australia, which regulates in vitro fertilization (IVF), experimentation on embryos, and surrogate mothers. The Minister of Health must approve hospitals wishing to perform IVF, for which only married couples who have been in infertility treatment for a year can be eligible. Donated sperm, egg, or embryos may be used as a last resort, and there may be no payment other than travel or medical expenses. Embryo freezing may continue with provisions for donation of unused embryos. Embryo experimentation has been approved with restrictions, while payment to surrogate mothers is prohibited. In addition, cloning and animal-human hybrids will not be permitted. (KIE abstract)
Cloning; Cryopreservation; Donors; Embryo Research; Embryo Transfer; Embryos; Ethics; Ethics Committees; Egg; Embryo Experimentation; Fetal Research; Freezing; Government; Government Regulation; Health; Hospitals; Hybrids; In Vitro Fertilization; Infertility; IVF; Legislation; Laws; Married Persons; Mothers; Ovum; Ovum Donors; Regulation; Remuneration; Reproductive Technologies; Research; Research Ethics; Research Ethics Committees; Sperm; Surrogate Mothers; Travel;