Information Constraints in Medical Encounters
Hollander, Rachelle D.
Journal of Bioethics. 1984 Fall/Winter; 5(2): 116-126.
The author contends that the informed consent of patients and research subjects to medical procedures is hampered by three types of information constraints that are independent of undue pressure or of the patients' or physicians' personal shortcomings. First, well-qualified doctors may disagree about the nature, treatment, and cure of particular diseases, especially when they are trained in different medical specialities. Secondly, successful new treatments may not be available to those who need them because of delay in the diffusion of medical innovations. Finally, doctors as well as patients may be misinformed or deceived by others as to the safety and efficacy of particular therapies. Ways of ameliorating these information constraints are suggested, and it is concluded that they warrant some degree of regulation over the practice of medicine, to protect physicians and patients alike. (KIE abstract)
Alternatives; Autonomy; Biomedical Technologies; Communication; Competence; Comprehension; Consent; Decision Making; Disclosure; Doctors; Health; Human Experimentation; Information Dissemination; Informed Consent; Medicine; Nature; Patient Advocacy; Patient Care; Patients; Physician Patient Relationship; Physicians; Professional Competence; Regulation; Research; Research Subjects; Risks and Benefits; Sociology; Sociology of Medicine; Standards; Trust;