Abortion and Parental Responsibility
Journal of Medical Humanities and Bioethics. 1986 Spring/Summer; 7(1): 33-56.
A theory on the morality of abortion is derived from the presumption that parents have special moral obligations to nurture their immature children. Three alternative models of the acquisition of parental responsibilities are examined: one based on biological relationships, one based on consent, and one based on causal responsibility. Each of the models is examined in terms of its ability to handle cases involving nonstandard methods of procreation, such as surrogate motherhood, artificial insemination by donor, and embryo transfer. It is concluded that the model based on causal responsibility provides the most adequate criterion for the ascription of parental responsibility toward fetuses. (KIE abstract)
Abortion; Abortion on Demand; Adoption; Adults; Artificial Insemination; Beneficence; Children; Congenital Disorders; Contraception; Contracts; Consent; Donors; Embryo Transfer; Ethical Analysis; Fathers; Fetuses; Intention; Methods; Minors; Moral Obligations; Moral Policy; Morality; Mothers; Ovum; Parent Child Relationship; Parents; Pregnant Women; Public Policy; Procreation; Rape; Reproductive Technologies; Responsibilities; Selective Abortion; Semen Donors; Spousal Consent; Surrogate Mothers; Therapeutic Abortion;