Surrogacy, Adoption, and Custody
Lancet. 1987 Apr 4; 1(8536): 817.
Brahams reviews three legal actions involving British law, surrogacy arrangements, and disposition of the resulting child after birth. The first case, in which an infant briefly became a ward of the court until custody was awarded to the father and his wife, helped speed passage of the Surrogacy Arrangements Act in 1985. In the second case, the surrogacy arrangement had been made before passage of the Act, and the adoption by the father and his wife was authorized under the Adoption Act 1958. The third case was the first involving a custody dispute, with the surrogate mother refusing to relinquish twin infants and eventually being awarded custody. Brahams suggests setting up a noncommercial agency to handle surrogacy arrangements, thereby avoiding the legal and social problems that have resulted from private arrangements. (KIE abstract)
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Brahams, Diana (1987-02)While commercial surrogate parenting arrangements continue to flourish in the U.S., Britain has made it a criminal offense for third parties to benefit from surrogacy. Voluntary surrogacy, however, is still within the law. ...