Rationales for Organ Donation: Charity or Duty?
Peters, David A.
Journal of Medical Humanities and Bioethics. 1986 Fall/Winter; 7(2): 106-121.
Some commentators hold that arranging posthumous donation of one's organs or those of a deceased relative is an act of charity, a supererogatory deed that is not obligatory. Peters argues that, given the desperate need for organs, donation is a moral duty. He compares the relationship between potential donor and needy recipient to that between potential rescuer and endangered person in an emergency situation, noting that some "Good Samaritan" laws have been passed requiring that onlookers take positive action to aid victims in grave danger when doing so involves little or no risk. Peters then examines legal, social, religious, and public policy objections to the recognition of a person's moral duty to permit posthumous use of his or her organs. He concludes that, while the right to dispose of one's body after death should be protected, public efforts to dispel misunderstandings about organ donation should be stepped up. (KIE abstract)
Allowing to Die; Attitudes; Autonomy; Beneficence; Brain; Brain Death; Cadavers; Christian Ethics; Death; Donor Cards; Donors; Emergency Care; Ethics; Injuries; Legal Obligations; Legal Rights; Legislation; Laws; Moral Policy; Organ Donation; Organ Donors; Public Policy; Religion; Rights; Risk; Tissue Donation;
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