Ethics and Resource Allocation: An Economist's View
Social Science and Medicine. 1986; 22(11): 1167-1174.
Central to McGuire's discussion of the role that medical ethics plays in the allocation of health care resources is the utilitarian ideal of economic efficiency, which is defined as the maximization of benefits to society. Medical ethics, on the other hand, is seen as deontological in character, based on duty and virtue and focused on the welfare of the individual. Moreover, the structure of the health care sector, which is dominated by multilateral relationships and short-run allocation decisions, reinforces these individualistic tendencies. McGuire suggests that greater efficiency could be achieved by shifting the emphasis of medical ethics toward more concern for social welfare, or by restricting its use to short-run allocation decisions after long-run decisions based on economic appraisal have been made by legislators and administrators. (KIE abstract)
Administrators; Common Good; Costs and Benefits; Deontological Ethics; Economics; Ethical Theory; Ethics; Government; Government Regulation; Health; Health Care; Health Insurance; Hospitals; Insurance; Justice; Medical Ethics; Moral Obligations; Patients; Property Rights; Property; Regulation; Resource Allocation; Rights; Self Regulation; Utilitarianism; Values;
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