Bioethics. 1987 Oct; 1(4): 339-356.
Two philosphers from the University of Helsinki argue that, despite beliefs to the contrary in the Western world, AIDS is no longer predominantly a problem limited to homosexuals. First they clarify this claim by presenting epidemiological data. They then consider three ethical issues that have resulted from fearful public reaction to the rapid spread of AIDS: discrimination against those infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV); proposed legal restrictions on personal choices, especially sexual; and screening for HIV antibodies without consent. The Hayrys then discuss whether there is a right not to know one's HIV status. Their essay concludes with suggestions of three ways to fight the spread of AIDS that should be implemented immediately: more support for AIDS research, organization of sociomedical actions such as information campaigns to slow the spread of the disease, and enactment of antidiscrimination legislation. (KIE abstract)
Aids; Aids Serodiagnosis; Attitudes; Biomedical Research; Consent; Disclosure; Disease; Discrimination; Education; Epidemiology; Government; Government Regulation; Health; Health Education; Homosexuals; Informed Consent; Law; Legislation; Mandatory Programs; Moral Policy; Morality; Public Policy; Regulation; Research; Right Not to Know; Risks and Benefits; Sexuality; Social Control; Social Discrimination; Utilitarianism; Western World;
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