A Communal Vision of Care for Incompetent Patients
Emanuel, Ezekiel J.
Hastings Center Report. 1987 Oct/Nov; 17(5): 15-20.
In a pluralistic society, the "best interest" standard is an inadequate criterion for determining what level of medical care to provide incompetent patients. Instead, the standard of care should be derived from the deliberations of particular communities. A "community-federated" plan would enhance individual choice and diminish family and physician uncertainty.
Allowing to Die; Autonomy; Competence; Cultural Pluralism; Consent; Decision Making; Family Members; Health; Health Facilities; Institutional Policies; Life; Pain; Patient Care; Patients; Physicians; Public Participation; Public Policy; Social Interaction; Standards; Third Party Consent; Uncertainty; Utilitarianism; Value of Life; Values; Withholding Treatment;
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Emanuel, Ezekiel J.; Emanuel, Linda L. (1992-04-15)Conclusions: The recent trend has been to rely on proxy decision making for incompetent patients. Support for proxy decision making has failed to acknowledge the growing body of ethical and empirical research suggesting that ...