One Child, One Family
JAMA. 1989 Mar 24/31; 261(12): 1735-1736.
A Chinese physician explains that the baby booms of the 1950s and 1960s in China increased the population from 540 million in 1949 to about one billion today. This led to the institution of the "one child, one family" policy implemented through extensive public education especially in rural areas, so that the people understand the necessity of the policy and practice it voluntarily under the guidance of the government. The network of providing family planning through birth control measures, child care centers, homes for the elderly, and efforts to raise the status of women and provide equal pay for equal work are described, as are the economic rewards and restrictions that supplement educational programs. Problems with and possible improvements in this policy are discussed, with an emphasis on its purpose to improve the quality of life for the entire population and to ensure the birth of healthy babies. (KIE abstract)
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