Morality for the Medical-Industrial Complex: A Code of Ethics for the Mass Marketing of Health Care
Engelhardt, H. Tristram
Rie, Michael A.
New England Journal of Medicine. 1988 Oct 20; 319(16): 1086-1089.
A code of ethics for the mass marketing of health care is presented, based upon an examination of what the authors perceive to be the crucial role of the profit motive in medicine. Problems of for-profit health care corporations, such as divided loyalties, the idea of medicine as a commodity, and the practice of attracting the business of those who can pay while avoiding the indigent, are discussed. The article concludes with a canon for behavior that maintains the traditional medical commitment to altruistic goals and encourages the retailing of virtue by channeling the natural human drives associated with the profit motive. (KIE abstract)
Autonomy; Biomedical Research; Codes of Ethics; Decision Making; Disclosure; Economics; Ethics; Freedom; Goals; Government; Health; Health Care; Health Care Delivery; Health Insurance; Hospitals; Incentives; Indigents; Industry; Institutional Ethics; Insurance; Justice; Marketing; Medical Ethics; Medicine; Moral Obligations; Morality; Organizations; Patient Admission; Patient Care; Physicians; Professional Ethics; Proprietary Hospitals; Regulation; Research; Risks and Benefits; Values; Virtues;
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