HIV Testing in Prisoners: Is Mandatory Testing Mandatory?
Andrus, Jon K.
American Journal of Public Health. 1989 Jul; 79(7): 840-842.
We studied 977 newly incarcerated Oregon inmates to compare voluntary versus mandatory human immunodeficiency virus antibody (HIVAb) testing in the prison setting. All inmates were offered HIVAb counseling and testing. Blood drawn for routine syphilis serology from those who declined this offer was also tested for HIVAb after personal identifiers had been removed. Only 1.2 percent (12) prisoners were HIV positive. However, 62.5 percent (611) inmates were at risk for HIV infection by being an intravenous drug user, a male homosexual, or hepatitis B core antibody (HBcAb) positive. The ratio of at-risk, as yet uninfected inmates to those already HIV infected was 53 to 1. Two-thirds of all inmates including those at-risk chose to receive counseling and testing. In areas where most at-risk inmates are not yet infected, it may be more appropriate for HIV prevention activities in prison to focus on voluntary programs that emphasize education....
Aids; Aids Serodiagnosis; Attitudes; Blood; Confidentiality; Counseling; Drug Abuse; Duty to Warn; Education; Evaluation; Government; Health; Health Education; Hepatitis; Homosexuals; Mandatory Testing; Mass Screening; Prisoners; Public Policy; Risk; State Government; Statistics; Survey; Syphilis; Voluntary Programs;
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