Ethical Criteria for Procuring and Distributing Organs for Transplantation
Childress, James F.
Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law. 1989 Spring; 14(1): 87-113.
This article provides an ethical analysis and assessment of various...policies of organ procurement and distribution in light of moral principles already embedded in U.S. institutions, laws, policies, and practices. Evaluating different methods of acquisition of human body parts -- donation (express and presumed), sales, abandonment, and expropriation -- the author argues for laws and policies, including required request, to maintain and facilitate express donation of organs by individuals and their families. Such laws and policies need adequate time for a determination of their effectiveness before society moves to other major alternatives, such as a market. In organ allocation and distribution, which have close moral connections with organ procurement...the community should have dispositional authority over donated organs, professionals should be viewed as trustees and stewards of donated organs, and the public should be heavily involved....
Advance Directives; Alternatives; Autonomy; Autopsies; Beneficence; Biomedical Technologies; Cadavers; Consent; Decision Making; Dehumanization; Donor Cards; Donors; Economics; Ethical Analysis; Family Members; Financial Support; Human Body; Justice; Legislation; Laws; Methods; Moral Policy; Organ Donation; Organ Donors; Organ Procurement; Presumed Consent; Property Rights; Public Opinion; Public Policy; Property; Remuneration; Required Request; Review; Rights; Selection for Treatment; Third Party Consent; Tissue Donation; Tissue Transplantation; Transplantation; Voluntary Programs;
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