Professional Arrogance and Public Misunderstanding
Caplan, Arthur L.
Hastings Center Report. 1988 Apr/May; 18(2): 34-37.
In recent years, the Uniform Anatomical Gift Act, premised on the authority of individual choice for or against donation, has been widely viewed as inadequate to meet the needs of the growing number of potential organ recipients. Thus many states, as well as Congress, have enacted policies of "required request" mandating that hospitals and physicians inform patients or their families about the possibility of organ donation upon death. [In an article immediately preceeding Caplan's rebuttal] Susan Martyn, Richard Wright, and Leo Clark raise sharp criticism of this policy, maintaining that it creates conflicts of interest of substantial moral disvalue for practitioners, families, and society. Arthur L. Caplan, originator of the idea of "required request", argues that such a critique is premature and that closer attention should be paid to professionals' failure to comply with statutes as well as to public education.
Attitudes; Body Parts and Fluids; Brain; Brain Death; Conflict of Interest; Consent; Death; Dehumanization; Determination of Death; Economics; Education; Evaluation; Family Members; Federal Government; Government; Health; Health Personnel; Hospitals; Institutional Policies; Legislation; Organ Donation; Organ Transplantation; Patient Care; Patients; Physicians; Presumed Consent; Psychological Stress; Public Policy; Required Request; Resource Allocation; Risks and Benefits; Social Impact; State Government; Survey; Statutes; Third Party Consent; Tissue Donation; Transplantation;
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