Standards for Animal Research: Looking at the Middle
Journal of Medicine and Philosophy. 1988 May; 13(2): 123-143.
Much of the public debate over laboratory animal use has focused on either the scientist's demand for absolute freedom of inquiry, or the abolitionist's demand for an end to animal use in science. Yet many recent proposals for reform seek instead to balance the interests of laboratory animals in avoiding harm against the interests of research beneficiaries in continued animal use. This essay is an analysis of the intermediate reform positions and their underlying ethical principles.
Alternatives; Animal Care Committees; Animal Experimentation; Animal Welfare; Freedom; Government; Government Regulation; Harm; Institutional Policies; Investigators; Laboratory Animals; Moral Policy; Organizational Policies; Organizations; Pain; Political Activity; Public Policy; Regulation; Research; Research Design; Rights; Risks and Benefits; Science; Self Regulation; Standards; Suffering; Utilitarianism;
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