The Use of Fetal and Anencephalic Tissue for Transplantation
Cefalo, Robert C.
Engelhardt, H. Tristram
Journal of Medicine and Philosophy. 1989 Feb; 14(1): 25-43.
Advances in transplantation have extended the life and relieved the suffering of thousands of individuals....The prospect of being able to use tissues from embryos, as well as from anencephalic newborns, offers the promise of further relief of suffering. However, these possibilities raise significant moral and public policy issues. The question arises of the extent to which those who disapprove of abortion may make use of tissues derived from abortion in order to treat serious diseases. This essay argues that, with proper safeguards, such tissue can be used without cooperating in abortion. That is, even those who oppose abortion can benefit from the use of tissue procured during abortion. Questions also arise regarding the probity of maintaining a pregnancy in order to produce an anencephalic newborn whose biological existence will be maintained so as better to secure organs once death is declared....
Aborted Fetuses; Abortion; Altruism; Anencephaly; Beginning of Life; Brain; Brain Death; Consent; Death; Determination of Death; Embryos; Fetal Tissue Donation; Fetuses; Legal Aspects; Life; Newborns; Organ Donation; Parental Consent; Personhood; Prolongation of Life; Public Policy; Pregnancy; Suffering; Tissue Donation; Tissue Transplantation; Transplantation;
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