Surrogacy and Autonomy
Bioethics. 1989 Jan; 3(1): 1-17.
Surrogacy contracts pose a sufficiently great number of serious risks to personal autonomy to justify their impermissability. These risks, such as the surrogate mother's loss of control over her body and daily activities during the pregnancy, the powerlessness of having to give up a child to whom one may have formed a deep attachment, and the normal dangers of pregnancy, seriously undercut the ability to make a fully informed and free choice to become a surrogate mother. The social circumstances of surrogate mothers and the prerequisites of dispositional autonomy are analyzed, as is the attitude toward women fostered by such contracts, their effect on the child involved, and their harmful view of children as property. (KIE abstract)
Adoption; Advance Directives; Alternatives; Autonomy; Children; Coercion; Contracts; Consent; Disclosure; Informed Consent; Injuries; Moral Policy; Mothers; Motivation; Parent Child Relationship; Paternalism; Psychological Stress; Personal Autonomy; Pregnancy; Property; Regulation; Remuneration; Reproduction; Rights; Social Control; Socioeconomic Factors; Surrogate Mothers;