Organ Prolongation in Anencephalic Infants: Ethical and Medical Issues
Walters, James W.
Hastings Center Report. 1988 Oct/Nov; 18(5): 19-27.
A professor of religion and a professor of pediatrics and neurology assess the current controversy over using anencephalic infants as organ sources. They consider professional and policy responses to hospital protocols for transplantation; bioethical issues in determining brain death; deontological and utilitarian implications of using one human as a means for the good of another, as in using respirators on anencephalic organ donors; medical precedent for an exception to sole concern with the patient's and not others' best interests; and the ethical safeguards imposed upon the use of respirators with anencephalic infants. A rationale is presented for limited respirator use until brain death is determined in order to meet a severe shortage of neonatal organs. (KIE abstract)
Anencephaly; Bioethical Issues; Brain; Brain Death; Consent; Death; Deontological Ethics; Determination of Death; Donors; Ethical Analysis; Ethics; Hospitals; Human Experimentation; Infants; Institutional Policies; Life; Moral Obligations; Moral Policy; Newborns; Organ Donors; Organ Transplantation; Organizations; Parental Consent; Pediatrics; Personhood; Physicians; Professional Organizations; Prolongation of Life; Religion; Respirators; Standards; Terminally Ill; Tissue Donation; Transplant Recipients; Transplantation; Utilitarianism;
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Walters, James W.; Ashwal, Stephen (1989-02)The authors comment on essays by R.C. Cefalo and H.T. Engelhardt, F.K. Beller and J. Reeve, R.M. Zaner, and H.-M. Sass in this issue of the