A Report From New Zealand: An "Unfortunate Experiment."
Campbell, Alastair V.
Bioethics. 1989 Jan; 3(1): 59-66.
The author discusses the ethical issues raised by an experiment conducted by Dr. Herbert Green at National Women's Hospital in Auckland, New Zealand, without the patients' knowledge or consent, over a period of 15-20 years. The study entailed not fully treating some women who had continuing abnormal cervical smear results in order to establish the hypothesis of nonprogression. The obvious violation of the requirement of valid consent is examined in relation to the Hippocratic tradition of paternalism; to clinical freedom; and to the legislative solution proposed by an official inquiry including a statement of patients' rights, appointing a Health Commissioner to heighten professionals' understanding of these rights and to mediate grievances, and circumscribing peer review by a patient advocate. (KIE abstract)
Alternative Therapies; Cancer; Consent; Disclosure; Females; Fraud; Freedom; Health; Human Experimentation; Informed Consent; Investigators; Knowledge; Legislation; Misconduct; Paternalism; Patient Advocacy; Patient Care; Patients; Patients' Rights; Peer Review; Physicians; Regulation; Research; Research Design; Research Subjects; Review; Rights; Scientific Misconduct; Self Regulation; Withholding Treatment;
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Campbell, Alastair (1995-04)The distinctiveness of Bioethics in New Zealand stems in part from a renewal of emphasis on Maori rights, based on the Treaty of Waitangi, the foundation document of the New Zealand state. Increasingly, committees dealing ...