Jansen, Robert P.S.
Journal of Medical Ethics. 1990 Jun; 16(2): 61-65.
A fetus may survive an intentional interference with its intrauterine environment (1) if gestational age is mistaken and the procedure of induced abortion does not kill the fetus, (2) if a change of heart takes place after abortifacient drugs are taken and the abortion does not proceed, and (3) if a high-multiple pregnancy is reduced to a singleton or a twin pregnancy to improve the likelihood that the remaining fetuses will reach viability. In each case, through cause or coincidence, an abnormal baby may be born. The well-intentioned physician, responding to a patient's medical or psychological needs, risks a legal action in negligence or assault brought by a deformed surviving child. This hazard means that medical termination of pregnancy and selective pregnancy reduction put the practising physician at substantial risk in a way not usually associated with induced abortion.
Abortion; Congenital Disorders; Criminal Law; Disease; Drugs; Environment; Fetuses; Gestational Age; Iatrogenic Disease; Injuries; International Aspects; Induced Abortion; Killing; Law; Legal Aspects; Liability; Methods; Moral Policy; Multiple Pregnancy; Negligence; Newborns; Physicians; Policy Analysis; Prematurity; Prenatal Injuries; Public Policy; Pregnancy; Risk; Selective Abortion; Torts; Viability;
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Lesser, Harry (1990-06)Dr. Jansen's paper raises three main issues. The one with which he himself is most concerned is the question of which methods of abortion are ethically right, and whether methods which risk the birth of a damaged baby are ...
Brazier, Margaret (1990-06)Jansen expresses concern as to the legal implications of both selective reduction of pregnancy and unsuccessful attempts at termination of pregnancy using mifepristone. This commentary examines the legality of both procedures ...