Comparison of Research Quality Guidelines in Academic and Nonacademic Environments
Nobel, Joel J.
JAMA. 1990 Mar 9; 263(10): 1435-1437.
A survey of medical schools in the United States and Canada reveals that only two of 133 responding institutions have developed policy guidelines addressing the issues of fraud and misconduct in biomedical research. By contrast, an ongoing study of various nonacademic institutions shows that many have policy and procedure documents that address such issues as the ethical and moral framework for research, institutional responsibility for research done by individuals, and unambiguous standards of ethical conduct for researchers. Nobel discusses the means by which academic institutions can fulfill their ethical, leadership, and perhaps legal responsibilities by establishing research guidelines. (KIE abstract)
Biomedical Research; Education; Ethics; Federal Government; Fraud; Freedom; Government; Government Regulation; Guidelines; Industry; Institutional Ethics; Institutional Policies; Medical Education; Medical Schools; Misconduct; Peer Review; Regulation; Research; Research Institutes; Researchers; Review; Responsibilities; Schools; Scientific Misconduct; Self Regulation; Standards; Survey; Universities;
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Oversight of Financial Conflicts of Interest in Commercially Sponsored Research in Academic and Nonacademic Settings Weinfurt, Kevin P; Hall, Mark A; Hardy, N Chantelle; Friedman, Joëlle Y; Schulman, Kevin A; Sugarman, Jeremy (2010-05)Studies of conflicts of interest in clinical research have focused on academic centers, but most clinical research takes place in nonacademic settings.