On Transplanting Human Fetal Tissue: Presumptive Duties and the Task of Casuistry
Miller, Richard B.
Journal of Medicine and Philosophy. 1989 Dec; 14(6): 617-640.
...Two broad moral questions are addressed here, the first formal, the second substantive: Is there a framework from other moral paradigms to assist in ethical debates about the transplantation of fetal tissue? Does the use of fetal tissue entail cooperation in abortion? To answer these questions I develop a theoretical framework by combining the paradigm of just-war reasoning with canons governing the use of cadaverous tissue. The kinds of safeguards provided by this paradigm allow fetal tissue to be procured without the taint of association with abortion. Central to solving the problem of cooperation is the distinction between intending and foreseeing a moral misdeed. Fetal researchers may foresee fetal death in elective abortions without intending such deaths to occur. Thus, even those who object unequivocally to elective abortion may condone the procurement of fetal tissue, if sufficient reason exists.
Aborted Fetuses; Abortion; Beneficence; Cadavers; Casuistry; Conflict of Interest; Consent; Death; Ethical Analysis; Fetal Research; Fetuses; Intention; Justice; Life; Misconduct; Moral Obligations; Moral Policy; Morality; Pregnant Women; Public Policy; Research; Researchers; Risks and Benefits; Standards; Third Party Consent; Tissue Donation; Transplantation; Value of Life; War;
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Mahowald, Mary B.; Silver, Jerry; Ratcheson, Robert A. (1987-02)Fetal tissue transplants have now been successful in primates, raising the possibility of treatment for Parkinson's disease and other chronic illnesses. Whether or not abortion is morally justified, use of human fetal tissue ...