HIV Antibody Testing Among Adults in the United States: Data From 1988 NHIS
Hardy, Ann M.
Dawson, Deborah A.
American Journal of Public Health. 1990 May; 80(5): 586-589.
Data collected from 21,168 adults using the 1988 AIDS supplement to the National Health Interview Survey were examined to determine awareness of and experience with HIV antibody testing in the United States. Three-fourths of adults knew of the blood test for HIV antibodies; awareness was lower among Blacks, Hispanics, older adults, and those less educated. Overall, 17% of adults had been tested; of these 73% because of blood donation, 14% through other non-voluntary programs (such as military induction), and 16% sought testing voluntarily. While a smaller proportion of Black and Hispanic adults had been tested, they were more likely than their White non-Hispanic counterparts to have been tested voluntarily. Persons who reported belonging to groups with high-risk behaviors were also more likely to have been voluntarily tested. Most of those tested voluntarily received their test results, but only 1/3 also received prevention information....
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