A Report From Poland: Treatment and Non-Treatment of Defective Newborns
Bioethics. 1990 Apr; 4(2): 143-153.
The author and his colleagues surveyed pediatricians in Warsaw, Poland, to determine the doctors' attitudes toward treating infants with severe handicaps. They used a questionnaire originally designed by Australian researchers to survey pediatricians and compared their findings with those of the Australian study. Szawarski notes important differences between the approaches of Australian and Polish doctors to the treatment of handicapped newborns. Polish physicians tend to display an unconditional respect for life, a paternalistic attitude toward decision making, and an unwillingness to distinguish between ordinary and extraordinary means of prolonging life. Half the Polish respondents would be willing to preserve the lives of severely handicapped infants at all costs. Szawarski discusses six factors that may help to explain why Polish physicians have a different approach from that of their Western colleagues to the question of selective treatment of handicapped newborns. (KIE abstract)
Active Euthanasia; Allowing to Die; Attitudes; Codes of Ethics; Communism; Congenital Disorders; Decision Making; Doctors; Education; Ethics; Euthanasia; Extraordinary Treatment; Health; Health Care; Health Care Delivery; Infanticide; Infants; International Aspects; Killing; Life; Medical Ethics; Medicine; Minors; Moral Obligations; National Socialism; Newborns; Nurses; Parents; Paternalism; Patient Care; Pediatrics; Physicians; Researchers; Resource Allocation; Roman Catholics; Socialism; State Medicine; Survey; Value of Life;
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Szawarski, Zbigniew; Tulczynski, Aleksander (1988-03)We report the results of a survey of the attitudes and practices of paediatricians in Warsaw, Poland, with respect to the treatment of infants born with severe handicaps. The results are compared with a similar survey conducted ...