The Infant With Anencephaly
New England Journal of Medicine. 1990 Mar 8; 322(10): 669-673.
This document was prepared in response to the current interest in transplanting organs from anencephalic infants by a task force of eight specialists in pediatrics and/or neurology. It represents a consensus, limited to medical issues, among five professional organizations whose members care for fetuses and infants with anencephaly: the American Academy of Pediatrics, the American Academy of Neurology, the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, the American Neurological Association, and the Child Neurology Society. The statement consists of 12 sections: (1) definition, (2) associated craniofacial anomalies, (3) non-neural organs in anencephaly, (4) diagnosis, (5) etiology, (6) clinical course, (7) epidemiology, (8) neurological function, (9) anencephaly and the persistent vegetative state, (10) brain death, (11) transplantation of organs from infants with anencephaly, and (12) concluding statement. (KIE abstract)
Abortion; Anencephaly; Brain; Brain Death; Consensus; Death; Determination of Death; Diagnosis; Epidemiology; Fetuses; Infants; Life; Minors; Newborns; Organ Donation; Organizational Policies; Organizations; Patient Care; Pediatrics; Persistent Vegetative State; Physicians; Prenatal Diagnosis; Professional Organizations; Prognosis; Prolongation of Life; Standards; Suffering; Tissue Donation; Transplantation;
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