Prevalence of HIV Infection in Childbearing Women in the United States: Surveillance Using Newborn Blood Samples
JAMA. 1991 Apr 3; 265(13): 1704-1708.
The authors present the initial results from a national population-based survey initiated in 1988 to measure the prevalence of HIV infection in women giving birth in the United States. Residual dried-blood specimens collected for newborn metabolic screening were tested anonymously in state public health laboratories for maternal antibody to HIV. Basing their estimates on survey data from 38 states and the District of Columbia, the authors estimate the incidence of HIV infection in infants. They urge making the prevention of transmission of HIV infection to women and infants an urgent public health priority. (KIE abstract)
Adults; Aids; Aids Serodiagnosis; Anonymous Testing; Blood; Confidentiality; Disease; Epidemiology; Federal Government; Females; Government; Health; Hispanic Americans; HIV Seropositivity; Infants; Laboratories; Mass Screening; Newborns; Pregnant Women; Prevalence; Public Health; Public Policy; Specimen Collection; Survey;
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Prevalence of HIV Infection in Childbearing Women in the United States: Surveillance Using Newborn Blood Samples Gwinn, Marta; Pappaioanou, Marguerite; George, J. Richard; Hannon, W. Harry (1991-04-03)