Advance Directives for Medical Care -- a Case for Greater Use
Emanuel, Linda L.
Barry, Michael J.
Stoeckle, John D.
Ettelson, Lucy M.
Emanuel, Ezekiel J.
New England Journal of Medicine. 1991 Mar 28; 324(13): 889-895.
This study examined in detail patient and public attitudes toward advance directives. A group of primary care outpatients and a sample of the Boston general public were interviewed to answer questions about interest in advance directives, perceived barriers to completing directives, preferences for various life-sustaining treatments and their correlation with age and health status, and the practical aspects of planning advance directives in the setting of a physician's office. The authors conclude that advance directives are desired by most people, require physician initiative, and can be discussed and completed during a regular office visit. (KIE abstract)
Advance Directives; Age Factors; Allowing to Die; Attitudes; Blood; Blood Transfusions; Communication; Consent; Decision Making; Dementia; Diagnosis; Drugs; Evaluation; Evaluation Studies; Health; Health Status; Life; Living Wills; Pain; Patient Care; Patient Participation; Patients; Persistent Vegetative State; Physicians; Prognosis; Public Opinion; Renal Dialysis; Resuscitation; Resuscitation Orders; Standards; Statistics; Surgery; Survey; Terminal Care; Terminally Ill; Treatment Refusal; Values; Ventilators; Wills;
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