Concern About AIDS Among Hospital Physicians, Nurses and Social Workers
Social Science and Medicine. 1991; 33(3): 239-248.
In this study, the authors examine the worry and discomfort experienced by direct care health professionals in treating AIDS patients and how their profession, attitudes, knowledge, experience and demographic characteristics influence their emotional reaction to those patients. The research focuses on experienced emotion as distinct from expressed emotion, as an important factor in explaining health behaviors among professionals. To address these issues 536 health care professionals comprising 132 physicians, 378 nurses and 26 social workers employed at a University teaching hospital in Chicago were surveyed. The findings suggest that health care workers' emotional reactions to HIV depend on the type of patient interaction. We found for all three professions, as the invasiveness of contact increased, the level of worry and amount of discomfort also increased. Nurses however, on the whole were the most adversely affected by their patient contacts. We conclude that emotional reactions in the workplace cannot be explained by cognitions, beliefs and attitudes alone. This study suggests that work roles, work assignments, and professional authority contribute to emotional reactions to patients with AIDS.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Dworkin, Joan; Albrecht, Gary; Cooksey, Judith (1991)In this study, the authors examine the worry and discomfort experienced by direct care health professionals in treating AIDS patients and how their profession, attitudes, knowledge, experience and demographic characteristics ...