The Moral Standing of Animals in Medical Research
Beauchamp, Tom L.
Law, Medicine and Health Care. 1992 Spring-Summer; 20(1-2): 7-16.
...The most fundamental problem, in my judgment, is whether animals used in research have any
Animal Experimentation; Animal Rights; Attitudes; Autonomy; Ethical Analysis; Ethical Theory; Evolution; Human Characteristics; Infants; Intelligence; Investigators; Life; Moral Obligations; Moral Policy; Medical Research; Pain; Personhood; Philosophy; Primates; Quality of Life; Research; Review; Rights; Self Concept; Speciesism; Standards; Suffering; Value of Life;
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Cohen, Andrew I. (2007-05)Contractarianism roots moral standing in an agreement among rational agents in the circumstances of justice. Critics have argued that the theory must exclude nonhuman animals from the protection of justice. I argue that ...