Approximating Informed Consent and Fostering Communication: The Anatomy of an Advance Directive
Olick, Robert S.
Journal of Clinical Ethics. 1991 Fall; 2(3): 181-189.
...This article discusses the approach to advance directive documents developed by the New Jersey Commission on Legal and Ethical Problems in the Delivery of Health Care (informally known as the New Jersey Bioethics Commission) and its Task Force on Public and Professional Education (the "Education Task Force"). The product of this project, discussed further below, is a twenty-four-page brochure containing educational and informational material and three types of advance directive forms -- a proxy directive, an instruction directive, and a combined advance directive. The analysis here focuses in particular on the "combined advance directive," a single document integrating appointment of a health-care representative (a proxy) with an instruction directive ("living will"). The combined advance directive, reprinted at the end of this article, represents the preferred (though not the exclusive) approach recommended by the Bioethics Commission, and its use is encouraged in New Jersey's advance directives law....
Advance Directives; Advisory Committees; Allowing to Die; Artificial Feeding; Autonomy; Bioethics; Brain; Brain Death; Communication; Cultural Pluralism; Consent; Death; Determination of Death; Delivery of Health Care; Education; Evaluation; Family Members; Forms; Government; Government Regulation; Health; Health Care; Health Facilities; Informed Consent; Institutional Policies; Law; Legal Aspects; Legislation; Life; Living Wills; Organ Donation; Organizational Policies; Persistent Vegetative State; Prognosis; Prolongation of Life; Proxy; Public Policy; Records; Regulation; Religion; Resuscitation; Resuscitation Orders; Right to Die; State Government; Terminal Care; Third Party Consent; Treatment Refusal; Values; Wills;
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