Requirements or Incentives by Government for the Use of Long-Acting Contraceptives
JAMA. 1992 Apr 1; 267(13): 1818-1821.
Following the use of the long-acting contraceptive levonorgestrel (the Norplant Contraceptive System) for use by women, government officials have required or proposed uses of levonorgestrel that are problematic. One court ordered a woman convicted of child abuse to use levonorgestrel as a condition of her probation; legislators have proposed that women on welfare be paid to use levonorgestrel. Court-ordered use of long-acting contraceptives because of child abuse raises serious questions about a person's fundamental rights to refuse medical treatment, to be free of cruel and unusual punishment, and to procreate. The state's compelling interest in protecting children from abuse may be served by less intrusive means than imposing contraception on parents who have committed child abuse. If government benefits were based on the use of long-acting contraceptives, individuals would have to assume a potentially serious health risk before receiving their benefits. Government benefits should not be made contingent on the acceptance of a health risk.
Child Abuse; Children; Coercion; Contraception; Criminal Law; Consent; Drugs; Federal Government; Females; Financial Support; Government; Health; Hormones; Incentives; Indigents; Informed Consent; Law; Law Enforcement; Legal Aspects; Legal Rights; Mandatory Programs; Organizational Policies; Organizations; Parents; Physicians; Prisoners; Professional Organizations; Public Policy; Punishment; Reproduction; Rights; Risk; State Interest; Treatment Refusal;
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