Ethical Considerations in Living Organ Donation and a New Approach
Lowy, Frederick H.
Archives of Internal Medicine. 1992 Jul; 152(7): 1484-1488.
Living organ donation should be recognized as an ethical compromise to the principle of nonmaleficence (doing no harm), given the risks healthy donors are allowed to assume. Living organ donation should be reserved for situations in which there is no acceptable alternative. Increasing the availability of cadaveric organs is most desirable, since it would decrease (although probably not eliminate) the need for living organ transplantation and would provide organs (ie, hearts) that could not otherwise be obtained. We propose the development of an incentive-based Advance-Directive Organ Registry, in which all adults are encouraged to register their advance directive regarding organ donations. Those individuals agreeing to permit usable organs to be taken at the time of death would receive priority for organs generated by the program, should a transplant become necessary when there is a shortage of organs. The proposed Advance-Directive Organ Registry is firmly founded on the principles of autonomy, beneficence, and justice.
Adults; Advance Directives; Altruism; Autonomy; Beneficence; Cadavers; Coercion; Common Good; Consent; Death; Decision Making; Disclosure; Donor Cards; Donors; Data Banks; Family Members; Harm; Hearts; Incentives; Informed Consent; International Aspects; Justice; Kidneys; Moral Policy; Morbidity; Nonmaleficence; Organ Donation; Organ Donors; Organ Transplantation; Policy Analysis; Public Policy; Required Request; Resource Allocation; Scarcity; Selection for Treatment; Third Party Consent; Tissue Donation; Tissue Transplantation; Transplantation;
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.