Legal Interventions During Pregnancy: Court-Ordered Medical Treatments and Legal Penalties for Potentially Harmful Behavior by Pregnant Women
JAMA. 1990 Nov 28; 264(20); 2663-2670.
This report by the American Medical Association's Board of Trustees discusses legal and policy concerns of legal intervention when a pregnant woman's behavior (refusal of recommended treatment, abuse of alcohol or drugs, etc.) endangers her fetus. Among the topics addressed are the moral and legal responsibilities of the pregnant woman toward the fetus, and the ethical obligations of the physician in instances of treatment refusal; the adverse consequences of seeking court-ordered interventions; and alternative responses -- legal, medical, and educational -- to harmful behavior by the pregnant woman. The Board of Trustees concludes that judicial intervention rarely is appropriate when a pregnant woman makes an informed refusal of treatment. The report ends with six recommendations for formulating AMA policy on how physicians should respond when a pregnant patient's refusal of treatment or noncompliance with her physician's recommendations could affect the well-being of the fetus. (KIE abstract)
Alcohol Abuse; Cesarean Section; Criminal Law; Consent; Drug Abuse; Drugs; Education; Fetuses; Health; Health Care; Health Care Delivery; Health Education; Informed Consent; Injuries; Law; Legal Aspects; Legal Liability; Legal Obligations; Liability; Moral Obligations; Organizational Policies; Organizations; Parent Child Relationship; Physician's Role; Physicians; Pregnant Women; Prenatal Injuries; Professional Organizations; Public Policy; Punishment; Pregnancy; Review; Risks and Benefits; Refusal of Treatment; Responsibilities; Treatment Refusal;
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Legal Interventions During Pregnancy: Court-Ordered Medical Treatments and Legal Penalties for Potentially Harmful Behavior by Pregnant Women Unknown creator (American Medical Association. Board of Trustees, 1990-11-28)