Life and Death Choices After
Weir, Robert F.
Milbank Quarterly. 1991; 69(1): 143-173.
Medical practitioners often feel obligated to use all available procedures to sustain patients' lives. A review of case law indicates, however, that practitioners who abate treatment that is contrary to people's known preferences or current best interests act legally and in accordance with the highest professional standards. In the case of Nancy Cruzan, the Supreme Court delegated to the states the determination whether to respect the rights of nonautonomous patients to die with dignity. States should enact creative laws to encourage families and physicians to discuss final care, and assist people in making clear and simple statements about their preferences.
Advance Directives; Allowing to Die; Artificial Feeding; Autonomy; Consent; Death; Decision Making; Family Members; Government; Health; Judicial Action; Law; Legal Aspects; Legal Rights; Life; Laws; Liability; Patient Transfer; Patients; Persistent Vegetative State; Physicians; Privacy; Prognosis; Public Policy; Professional Standards; Review; Right to Die; Rights; Standards; State Interest; Supreme Court Decisions; Third Party Consent; Treatment Refusal; Withholding Treatment;
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Decisions to Abate Life-Sustaining Treatment for Nonautonomous Patients: Ethical Standards and Legal Liability for Physicians After Weir, Robert F.; Gostin, Larry (1990-10-10)The lives of hopelessly ill patients often are prolonged because physicians are uncertain of the legal consequences of discontinuing life-sustaining treatment, particularly when a patient lacks decision making capacity. ...