HIV Infection: The Ethics of Anonymised Testing and of Testing Pregnant Women
Boyd, Kenneth M.
Journal of Medical Ethics. 1990 Dec; 16(4): 173-178.
An Institute of Medical Ethics working party supports the view that explicit permission should normally be sought in the case of testing for HIV antibody. It discusses this in relation to anonymised HIV testing for epidemiological purposes, concluding that this is to be welcomed, given certain safeguards. It next argues that pregnant women may have a greater and more immediate need than others to know their HIV status. It concludes that this need does not justify testing them without their permission, but can be met by voluntary diagnostic testing on an 'opting-out' basis, supported by adequate briefing.
Advisory Committees; Aids; Aids Serodiagnosis; Anonymous Testing; Confidentiality; Counseling; Consent; Diagnosis; Disclosure; Duty to Warn; Epidemiology; Ethics; HIV Seropositivity; Information Dissemination; Mass Screening; Medical Ethics; Moral Policy; Policy Analysis; Pregnant Women; Presumed Consent; Public Policy; Random Selection; Risks and Benefits; Voluntary Programs;
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de Zulueta, Paquita (2000-02)Seroprevalence monitoring of HIV in pregnant women by anonymized unlinked testing has been widely adopted in the UK and other countries. The scientific rationale is to eliminate participation and selection bias. The ethical ...